OBGYN Glossary

The following are a list of terms that may be used during the course of your OB/GYN care.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

O

Obstetrician (OB)
A doctor who specializes in the care of pregnant women and the delivery of newborns is referred to as an obstetrician.

Obstetrician/Gynecologist (OB/GYN)
OB/GYNs are doctors specializing in medical care for women, including the care of pregnant women and the diagnosis and treatment of female reproductive disorders.

Oligomenorrhea
This term refers to light or infrequent menstrual cycles.

Oncologist
A physician specializing in cancer treatments is called an oncologist.

Oophorectomy
This is the surgery where one or both ovaries are removed. It is often performed alongside a hysterectomy.

Oral Contraceptive
These are pills, taken by mouth, to prevent ovulation, and as a result, pregnancy. These pills work by using hormones to prevent the reproductive process.

Osteoporosis
A danger to many women, osteoporosis is a condition where bones become fragile enough for easy breakage. It often occurs later in life.

Ovaries
Located in the pelvis, the ovaries are a pair of organs responsible for egg production and thus reproduction.

Ovulation
The process of a mature egg being released from an ovary is called ovulation.

Ovum
The mature egg released during ovulation is called the ovum.

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