OBGYN Glossary

The following are a list of terms that may be used during the course of your OB/GYN care.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

D

Depression
Depression is a psychological disorder characterized by loss of interest in common joys and feeling sad or low for a period of two weeks or more.

Diabetes
A condition resulting in high glucose levels in the blood, diabetes can be congenital or can develop over time.

Diastolic Blood Pressure
The lower blood pressure reading when tested, diastolic blood pressure measures the force of the blood in the arteries when the heart is relaxed.

Dilation and Curettage (D&C)
The D&C exam is performed by opening the cervix wider to gently scrape or suction tissue from the uterine lining. The tissue is then examined under a microscope.

Discordant
This refers to a discrepancy between the sizes of fetuses in a multiple pregnancy (one twin much larger than another, etc.).

Diuretics
Any in a number of drugs used to increase urine production; commonly and mistakenly lumped in with laxatives.

Diverticula
Diverticula are small pockets that bulge out of the urethra and bladder wall. Their function is to hold urine.

Doppler
This is a form of ultrasound using audio signals to reflect motion. It is used to measure the fetal heartbeat during ultrasound examinations.

Dye Test
This test is used to measure urine loss. The patient wears a pad as a nontoxic dye is introduced to the bladder. Staining on the pad indicates urine loss.

Dysmenorrhea
This can refer to any number of symptoms encompassing pain and/or discomfort during the menstrual period. It comes in two types:

  • Primary – occurring from the onset of menstruation, usually lifelong
  • Secondary – later onset, resulting from some physical cause, such as pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis

Dyspareunia
This refers to pelvic or vaginal pain that occurs after, or even during, sexual intercourse.

Dysplasia
Dysplasia means that normal cells on the surface of the cervix have been replaced by a layer of abnormal cells. When non-cancerous, dysplasia is defined as mild, moderate, or severe. If cancer is present, it is referred to as CIS, standing for carcinoma in situ.

Dysuria
Dysuria is any pain that results from urination.

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