Options: Birth Control

When it comes to preventing an unwanted or unplanned pregnancy, there are many options; birth control comes in many forms, both temporary-male and female condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps, pills, shots or patches-and permanent-tubal ligation, vasectomy, and the latest procedure Essure.

Birth Control Options

Options: Birth Control- Temporary

The most effective temporary birth control methods are the IUD and the birth control implant (Implanon). Both must be implanted by a health care provider. The IUD is a small, T-shaped device inserted into the uterus that can be effective for up to 12 years. The Implanon, a matchstick-sized rod inserted into the arm, can last up to three years. Both of these methods result in a chance of less than 1-in-100 that an unplanned pregnancy will occur.

Medicinal options for birth control, including the Depo-Provera shot, many different types of birth control pills, the NuvaRing birth control vaginal ring, and the Ortho Evra birth control patch, prevent pregnancy more than 90 percent of the time, with effectiveness increased with proper use. Repeat shots must be obtained on time, pills must be taken daily, and the ring and patch must be kept in place and changed on time.

Then there are the other options. Birth control methods like male and female condoms, cervical caps, sponges, and diaphragms prevent pregnancy more than 80 percent of the time, depending on proper use.

Options: Birth Control - Permanent

The permanent options for birth control are vasectomy for men, and tubal ligation or the Essure procedure for women.

* Vasectomy - a safe and effective method of sterilization for men in order to prevent pregnancy, the vasectomy procedure blocks the vasa deferentia to keep sperm out of the seminal fluid.

* Tubal Ligation - colloquially referred to as "tube-tying" or "getting tubes tied;" tubal ligation is an invasive surgical procedure performed under general anesthesia in which the woman's fallopian tubes are severed and pinched shut in order to prevent fertilization. While safe and effective, it is an involved procedure requiring general anesthesia and can result in effects upon hormone production, libido, and the menstrual cycle.

* Essure Procedure - Less expensive than tubal ligation, the procedure Essure is non-invasive and can be performed during a gynecological office visit. No general anesthesia is required. With the Essure procedure, micro-inserts are placed in the fallopian tubes using a special scope through the vagina and cervix. Over a three-month period, scar tissue develops around the inserts, causing blockage in the fallopian tubes that prevents sperm from reaching eggs.


Birth control should not be taken lightly. Dr. Ghodsian will be happy to discuss Essure or any of these other birth control methods with you. Call to schedule an appointment today.




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